Aging Patient Implications for Dental Professionals : Bone Loss

About Bone Loss

diversify Most people will reach their peak bone mass between the ages of 25 and 30. By the time we reach age 40, we slowly begin to lose bone mass. After age 40, less bone is replaced. Increased shift of bone loss can result in osteoporosis. Post-menopausal women are at an increased risk of osteoporosis with decreased levels of estrogen. Thinner older adults are more at risk of and bone fractures than heavier older adults. Dental professionals have to be aware of the risks of osteoporosis or possible bone fractures in aging patients.

publish When a tooth is lost, the lack of stimulation to its supporting bone causes a decrease in bone volume and density. 25% of bone loss occurs during the first year after tooth loss and continues into the years to come. Facial bone loss can occur after tooth extraction. Tooth loss causes remodeling and shrinkage of the supporting jawbone and eventually leads to atrophic facial bone and collapse of overlying muscle and skin. When treating an aging patient, other bone loss factors have to be taken into consideration such as what other medical conditions the patient has and medications taken. cause An osteoporosis patient may be taking bisphonate drugs. If the patient is oral bisphonate drugs, the patient, although it is low risk, can develop Osteonecrosis of the jaw. Also high-dose intravenous bisphosphonates have been identified as a risk factor for osteonecrosis of the jaw among patients. Some breast cancer treatments can cause bone loss many women being treated for breast cancer also take a bisphosphonate. Osteonecrosis of the jaw, occurs when the jaw bone is exposed and begins to starve from a lack of blood. As the name indicates the bone begins to weaken and die, which usually, but not always, causes pain.

Medical History Forms, A Tool to Determin Best Course of Action

frame We have an aging society. More people are growing older than babies being born. This leads to a rise in importance of considering biological aging factors of dental patients. Bone loss due to aging, is important factor to consider when dentist are treating patients.Obtaining patient medical history records are very important to be able to determine best course of action when treating and aging patient.It is very important than when a patient is filling out the medical history forms, to be honest and thorough about medical conditions and medicines. This helps the dentist make the right choice of dental treatment with consideration to the patient’s age and medical condition.

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